The importance of coastal ecosystems, including blue forests, continued to gain prominence in 2022. The UN Climate Change Conference (COP 27) final declaration included, for the first time, a dedicated sub-section on the ocean. Similarly, the biodiversity agreement adopted at the United Nations Biodiversity Conference (COP15) commits members to effectively conserve, manage and restore coastal areas. In Norway, the focus on coastal ecosystems has been similarly pronounced. Indeed, most speakers at the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Norad’s first annual ocean conference highlighted the importance of blue forests. Such statements have been backed by concrete action, including efforts to change regulations to define macroalgae as seafood and assess the legal changes required to make climate change a marine protection objective. View the 2022 annual report to see what activities the network completed within these topics.